In the modern era when everyone is in the search of where they belong, arises the question for their country, are people today just patriotic about their country or do they have a nationalistic feeling behind it. We need to know what these ideals are and how the history has shown us the need for both ideals, be it nationalism or patriotism around the world. Today we ask, how these ideals turns into actions, but first we need to learn what the extent of their results can be.
If we want to learn the fundamental differences between these two terms, we need to understand the ideology behind these words and how they were formed to evolve to a full extent. An ideology which can make people perform actions has an impact much more visible than just a nationalistic feeling.
The word patriotism was first attested in the Elizabethan Era, via Middle French from the Late Latin term “patriota” meaning countryman. Therefore, it transformed into an ideology of loving and protecting your country as if it was your mother herself.
Whereas nationalism is derived from French as national plus isme, which has a profound meaning of being proud of one’s own country. However, since pride can make a person bitter, nationalism turned into the ideology that one’s own country is better than other countries which possessed a threat of blind pride. It turned into a way to protect how you lived your life in your own country.
The various instances of nationalism we see in the U.S. involved throughout history in American politics, nationalism has developed in regards to both loyalty to a set of liberal, universal political ideals and perceived accountability to propagate those principles globally. Acknowledging the conception of the United States as accountable for spreading liberal change and promoting democracy throughout the world's politics and governance has defined practically all of the U.S. foreign policy. Therefore, democracy promotion is not just another measure of foreign policy but is rather the fundamental characteristic of their national identity and political determination. On the other hand, in the history of World War II, we saw how the extent of pseudo nationalism in Germany took it too far and ended up killing millions of innocents and waging the second world war, which painted Europe red and the world bleeding profusely.
The reason we need patriotism is that it is to love your country by being proud of your origin and your homeland, which every citizen of this world can be to help it build a better future but also protect it from foreign enemies. These thoughts provide us reason to believe in patriotism. But when it comes to nationalism it’s the way to protect how we live in our own country. Countries that have stable boundaries as nation-states have stable economies and can provide their citizens with a better standard of life along with stability they provide to their citizens with the opportunity for a better life, especially if the nation has a benevolent government system. The key idea of identity is protected by nationalism. Now we have seen what these ideals are and when in history we have had the need of both ideals, be it nationalism or patriotism around the world. Today we now know, how these ideas can be turned into actions, and know what the extent of their results can be. When these ideals are not present or are present to extremities both produce a threat to the nation and the world.
Today the world needs patriotism to protect their countries and nationalism to protect their identities.