This Week in History: September 24th - September 30th

Thu, 2017/09/21
Joshua Ferm

Tuesday, September 24, 622

The Islamic prophet Muhammad completed his pilgrimage from Mecca to Yathrib, currently known as Medina. His journey, more commonly known as the Hegira or Hejrath, began after assassination threats were made to him in June of the same year.

Friday, September 25, 1237

The Treaty of York was signed by Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland allowing Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmorland to be made within the English borders. This also created a border that prevented Scotland from furthering its boundaries south.

Saturday, September 26, 1914

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) was created by the United States government to prevent consumer rights primarily by reducing the network of monopolies in the country. Created by President Woodrow Wilson during the Progressive Era, President Wilson believed the FTC was the answer to diminishing trusts in the market.

Thursday, September 27, 1984

Canadian singer Avril Lavigne was born and would soon make her way to fame. At age sixteen she had two albums already produced. In 2002, her album Let Go made her top the charts in the United Kingdom. She has produced forty million albums and fifty million singles across the world.

Sunday, September 28, 1975

An event known as the Spaghetti House Heist began when three armed men entered the Spaghetti House in London, England demanding that week's profits from the managers. The robbers took £13,000 and took nine hostages into the basement where they began a siege lasting six days.

Wednesday, September 29, 1954

A document establishing the European Organization for Nuclear Research, known as CERN (due to the French translation of Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire) is signed by twenty-two members. The organization operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world and is especially known for their work pertaining to antimatter.

Sunday, September 30, 1945

Caused by twenty-six consecutive days of work and two hours of sleep between each day, the driver of a train from Scotland to England caused England’s seventh worst rail disaster as forty-three people were killed. Failing to yield at a fifteen mile per hour sign, the driver took the curve at sixty miles per hour. The engine and first six carriages fell into a nearby field, six carriages were derailed, and the final three carriages remained on the tracks.