This Week in History: October 1 - October 7

Date: 
Thu, 2017/09/28
By: 
Joshua Ferm

Friday, October 1, 1971

With an astounding 27,258 acres of land, Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida opened in response to the extreme numbers of tourists at Disneyland, California. While Walt Disney himself was heading The Florida Project, he died in 1966 before it was finished. As a result, the Walt Disney Company decided to replicate Disneyland with the exception of Walt Disney’s Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow (EPCOT) which opened in 1982. This was succeeded by Disney’s Hollywood Studios in 1989 and by Disney’s Animal Kingdom in 1998.

Thursday, October 2, 1958

The country of Guinea gained its independence after a sixty-year rule of France. This occurred when France assassinated Guinea’s Mansa (Emperor), and it gave the French control over the surrounding territories as well. This was known as the Colonial Rule period in Guinea.

Tuesday, October 3, 1995

O. J. Simpson was acquitted in a case regarding two counts of murder. Beginning on June 12, 1994, Simpson was accused of killing his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman. One of his attorneys, Gerald Uelman, is best known for his, “If the glove does not fit, you must acquit,” slogan that he used as Simpson tried on a glove found at the crime scene. The glove did not fit easily over Simpson’s hand, and the jury used this as one of their most substantial pieces of evidence in their verdict.  

Friday, October 4, 1929

Originally held on March 24, 1925 for solely Berlin, Germany, World Animal Day was realized internationally as a holiday and its celebration date was moved. Created by Heinrich Zimmermann, publisher of the magazine Mensch und Hund (Man and Dog), Zimmermann wanted people to recognize animals as sentient beings and promote their welfare.

Monday, October 5, 1970

Stationed in Arlington, Virginia, the Public Broadcasting Station (PBS) was founded and began broadcasting shows like Barney, Sesame Street, Arthur, BBC World News, and many more. It is one of the few broadcasting stations to be funded by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, though it is also funded by corporations, foundations, and citizens as well.

Saturday, October 6, 1683

Thirteen families from Krefeld, Germany made their way to Pennsylvania and created Germantown which was the first German settlement in the original thirteen colonies. In 1983, Ronald Reagan celebrated the 300th anniversary of their settlement by making German-American Day a national holiday celebrated on the same day they settled.

Wednesday, October 7, 1959

Luna 3, of the Union of Soviet Socialists’ Republic (USSR), was the first probe to take pictures of the dark side of the moon. It discovered numerous mountains and two lower plains which were named Mare Moscoviense (Sea of Moscow) and Mare Desiderii (Sea of Desire).