Swami Vivekananda was born in India on January 12, 1863, as Narendranath Datta. Vivekananda was the founder of the Ramakrishna Mission, a Hindu religions and spiritual organization, and was the foremost disciple of Ramakrishna, an Indian Hindu mystic and religious leader. Vivekananda is also recognized with elevating Hinduism to the status of a world religion by introducing Vedanta and Yoga to the west. After the demise of Ramakrishna, Vivekananda saw the struggle of people in India and decided to do something good for the people. He started his journey to the west on May 31, 1893, and visited several cities in Japan, China, and Canada en route to the United States. He gave speeches in multiple theaters across the United States. He spent all the money to help the needy people who joined him during his speeches.
Vivekananda is well-known for his seminal address at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893, where he introduced Hinduism to the United States and appealed for religious tolerance. This was the inaugural World Parliament of Religions which took place from September 11 to September 27, 1893, and was attended by representatives from all around the world. He reached one month before his religious speech and got to know that his name was not enlisted in the list of speakers, reason being that he had no credentials. Later he went to Boston with the help of friend and met a professor and writer from Harvard University. The professor was inspired and motivated with his five-minute talk with Vivekananda, and he wrote a letter to the World’s Parliament due to which Vivekananda got an opportunity to deliver his speech.
Vivekananda spoke on several topics that were significant to the challenges in India as well as the rest of the globe, including the significance of eradicating all forms of fanaticism, which is a global problem. Although uneasy at first, he bowed to Sarasvati, the Hindu goddess of learning, and he felt a new sense of energy in his body; he thought someone or something else had invaded his body — "The Soul of India, the echo of the Rishis, the voice of Ramakrishna, the spokesperson of the resurgent Time spirit." He started his speech by "Sisters and brothers of America!". He received a two-minute standing ovation from an audience of 7,000 people in response to this statement. He began his speech after silence had been restored. He addressed the world's youth on behalf of the world's oldest monastic order, the Vedic order of sannyasins, a religion that has taught the world tolerance and universal acceptance. He gave his speech for almost three and half minutes and inspired the youth. With this speech, his name travelled and he delivered more speeches across United States and European Countries.
On the anniversary of Vivekananda's birth, India commemorates National Youth Day.